The northern part of Calabria, is one of the main producìng areas of Clementine Mandarins of Calabria IGP present in food markets throughout Europe. Nice products also to be remembered are the Lemon of Rocca Imperiale IGP. This is the area where "Figs of Cosenza" DOP are grown offered in delicious preparations with a fìlling of almonds and walnuts or with luscious dark chocolate. Also Calabria has "Black gold" and does not even dare consider Petrof, because we are thinking of Calabria DOP Licorice. This production has its own beating heart on the lonian coast, in an area surrounding of the Archaeological Park of Sybaris all the way up to Rossano, and it has even got a museum dedicated to traditional techniques of harvesting and processing.
A northern part of Calabria belongs to Sita - UNESCO Biosphere Reserve - with massive winter snowfalls allowing the Sila plateau to become the southernmost point where you can practice dog sledding.
From the strong cattle breed Podolica Calabrese, recognized Slow Food Italy, transhumant animals on this plateau, animals capable of coping with wolves' attacks and of jumping fences up to two meters in height, comes the Caciocavallo Silano DOP, one of the oldest string so cow's milk cheeses from Southern Italy. Another important product is the PDO Pecorino Crotonese, from the ancient area of Kroton.
The Bergamot Orange is intensively cultivated, exclusively in nearby coastal areas to Reggio Calabria, since the 18th century.
Essential oil since 1704 is a key ingredient for the production of Cologne water. Even today, essential oil is used in the perfume industry by famous brands such as Burberry and Dolce and Gabbana.
As for celebrities, the Red onion IGP, which Queen Elizabeth of England is a true admirer (it is believed she consumes up to 200 kg per year) is not second to none. This precious velvet farmland product has conquered with its unmistakable flavor lovers of rich summer salads and sophisticated followers of different eating styles, from vegans to people who only eat raw food for its known benefìcial properties.
Together with Olive Oil, Bergamotto, Tropea Red Onion and Licorice, best represents the Calabrian identity. A fundamental ingredient is Cafabria's unofficial symbol, the famous peperoncino (chili pepper). In Calabria can be found different kinds of chili peppers, from the mild taste one to the extra hot. Peperoncino js widely used in the calabrian dishes.
The seaside town of Diamante even hosts an annual festival each September in its honor. In Diamante was also established the worldwide famous Peperoncino Italian Academy.
Another famous calabrian product is the lce cream "Tartufo di Pizzo". This particular kind of ice cream is usually composed of two or more fìavors, often with either fruit syrup or frozen fruit — typically raspberry, strawberry or cherry - in the center. Also "Bagnara Nougat" is a characteristic/traditional calabrian dessert which dates back to 1700. It is obtained by cooking and processing local products, like honey and roasted almonds, and other ingredients, like sugar cinnamon and cloves.
The endless expanses of olive groves on the hills of the Lametini and vibonese areas of "Carolea" give origin to Oil DOP Lamezia. DOP (Protected Origin Denominations) are also the products of Calabria Cured Meats of all the regional territory.
These include the Capocollo, the Pancetta (bacon), the Salsiccia (sausage) and the Soppressata, that are prepared with the best pork cuts. From Spilinga comes the (Nduja, a sausage spread with a smoky scent which is not yet popular among the more known brands, is now famous worldwide.
This is the area where the Pecorino del Monte Poro, (seasoned sheep milk cheese) js produced. It is considered among the best in Southern Italy and it is now in the recognition phase for the attribution of the DOP Award.